Friday, February 23, 2024
ElectronicsSony to Release CMOS Image Sensor for Automotive Cameras...

Sony to Release CMOS Image Sensor for Automotive Cameras with 17.42-Effective Megapixels

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Sony Semiconductor Solutions Corporation announced the upcoming release of the IMX735, a new CMOS image sensor for automotive cameras with the industry’s highest*1 pixel count, at 17.42 effective megapixels.*2 The new sensor product will support the development of automotive camera systems capable of sophisticated sensing and recognition performance, thereby contributing to safe, secure automated driving.

The new sensor product achieves the industry’s highest*1 pixel count of 17.42 effective megapixels,*2 enabling high-definition capture of far-off objects. Moreover, automated driving systems often use automotive cameras in combination with LiDAR and other sensing systems. While typical CMOS image sensors readout signals output from pixels one vertical line at a time, this product outputs signals horizontally, one row at a time.

This means that automotive cameras employing this sensor can more easily synchronize with mechanical scanning LiDAR*4, since their laser beams also scan horizontally. This better synchronization will improve the sensing and recognition capabilities of the automated driving system as a whole.

Furthermore, the new sensors’ improved saturation illuminance, made possible by a proprietary pixel structure, and unique exposure method yield a wide dynamic range of 106 dB even when simultaneously employing high dynamic range (HDR) imaging and LED flicker*5 mitigation. The dynamic range is even higher, at 130 dB, when using dynamic range priority mode. This creative design helps suppress highlight blowouts even in backlit conditions, enabling more precise object capture in road environments with significant differences in brightness, such as tunnel entrances and exits.

Main Features

  • Long-distance recognition delivered by industry-leading 17.42 megapixels
    Thanks to the industry’s highest*1 pixel count of 17.42 effective megapixels,*2 the new sensor is capable of high-definition capture, extending the object recognition range to greater distances and thereby allowing better detection of road conditions, vehicles, pedestrians and other objects. Early detection of far-away objects while driving helps make automated driving systems safer.
  • Horizontal pixel signal output for easier synchronization with mechanical-scanning LiDAR
    When reading signals from pixels, CMOS image sensors generally do so in a vertical direction one line at a time. This product, on the other hand, employs a readout method that outputs signals horizontally one row at a time, making it easier to synchronize with mechanical-scanning LiDAR, which also uses a horizontal scanning method. This means that the information output from automotive cameras equipped with this product can be integrated with LiDAR information downstream on the system. This will improve the sensing and recognition capabilities of the automated driving system as a whole.
  • Wide dynamic range even during simultaneous use of HDR and LED flicker mitigation
    In automobile driving, objects must be precisely detected and recognized even in road environments with significant differences in brightness, such as tunnel entrances and exits. Automotive cameras are also required to suppress LED flicker, even while in HDR mode, to deal with the increasing prevalence of LED signals and other traffic devices. The proprietary pixel structure and unique exposure method of this product improves saturation illuminance, yielding a wide dynamic range of 106 dB even when simultaneously employing HDR and LED flicker mitigation (when using dynamic range priority mode, the range is even wider, at 130 dB). This design also helps reduce motion artifacts*6 generated when capturing moving subjects.
  • Compliant with standards required for automotive applications
    The product is qualified for AEC-Q100 Grade 2 automotive electronic component reliability tests by mass production. Also, SSS has introduced a development process compliant with the ISO 26262 road vehicle functional safety standard, at automotive safety integrity level ASIL-B(D). This contributes to improve automotive camera system reliability.
  • Cybersecurity required for automotive applications (optional)
    The product can support cybersecurity features such as camera authentication via a public-key algorithm to confirm CMOS image sensor authenticity, image authentication to detect any tampering with acquired images, and communication authentication to detect any tampering with control communications.
Key Specifications
Model nameIMX735
Effective pixels3,017 × 5,777 (H × V), 17.42 megapixels
Image sizeDiagonal 13.70 mm (1/1.17-type)
Unit cell size2.1 μm × 2.1 μm (H × V)
Frame rate (all pixels)3AD 45 fps, 4AD 40 fps
Sensitivity (standard value F5.6, 1/30 second cumulative)880mV (Green Pixel)
Dynamic range (EMVA 1288 standard)106 dB (with LED flicker mitigation) 130 dB (dynamic range priority)
Power supplyAnalog3.3V
Digital0.8V
Interface1.8V
InterfaceMIPI CSI-2 serial output (4 lane / 2 lane)
Package236-pin plastic BGA
Package size14.54 mm × 17.34 mm (H × V)

*1:  Among CMOS image sensors for automotive cameras. As of announcement on September 12, 2023.

*2:  Based on the image sensor effective pixel specification method.

*3:  May vary depending on the volume shipped and other conditions.

*4:  LiDAR senses objects using horizontal laser beam scanning delivered by mechanical moving parts. This is a common method used in the automotive sensing domain.

*5:  LED flicker that can occur when capturing LED signage or traffic signals.

*6:  Noise generated when capturing moving subjects with HDR.

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